las nuevas GPU no verán incrementados más sus precios gracias a la DRAM GDDR6

Como resultado de la caída en picado de los precios de las DRAM para gráficas, los precios generales de las GPU NVIDIA y AMD que alimentan las tarjetas gráficas para el segmento de PC y consolas no subirán más a partir de este trimestre.

En el último informe de TrendForce , se afirma que la reciente caída de las criptomonedas ha afectado al mercado de DRAM en general, más precisamente, al segmento de DRAM de gráficos que incluye productos GDDR6 y GDDR5. Hay varios factores involucrados que llevaron a esta disminución, pero el informe destaca la criptomoneda como la principal, ya que la demanda de tarjetas gráficas de NVIDIA y AMD ha caído drásticamente a medida que el interés de los inversores en BTC y ETH ha disminuido significativamente.

It should be pointed out that, given the highly volatile nature of the graphics DRAM market, it is relatively normal for graphics DRAM prices to reverse course or undergo a more drastic fluctuation compared with other mainstream DRAM products.

As such, should the cryptocurrency market remain bearish, and manufacturers of smartphones or PCs reduce their upcoming production volumes in light of the ongoing pandemic and component supply issues, graphics DRAM prices are unlikely to experience further increase in 4Q21. Instead, TrendForce expects prices in 4Q21 to largely hold flat compared to the third quarter.

via TrendForce

Existen informes de que los precios de las tarjetas gráficas NVIDIA y AMD están volviendo a la normalidad y están lejos de su pico ‘3 veces superior al MSRP’ que vimos en mayo de 2021. El aumento de la demanda de DRAM fue una de las razones principales por la que vimos que los precios subían junto con la situación de la pandemia y aumentabann los costes de componentes y logística en su conjunto. Pero con los precios de las DRAM deteniéndose y ahora se espera que mejoren en el próximo trimestre, podemos esperar que los precios de las tarjetas gráficas caigan, especialmente si las criptomonedas continúan a la baja.

Esta también es una gran noticia para las últimas consolas de Sony y Microsoft, ya que la DRAM de gráficos como GDDR6 es uno de los componentes más importantes que impulsan sus nuevas soluciones. Con la caída de los precios de las DRAM de gráficos, podemos esperar que la disponibilidad y los precios de esas piezas también mejoren en el próximo trimestre.

Sudden Drop in Cryptocurrency Prices Hurts Graphics DRAM Market in 3Q21, Says TrendForce

A sudden drop in ETH prices led to plummeting GDDR5 and GDDR6 spot prices

Recent observations on the spot trading of graphics DRAM products indicate that the changes in this market closely correlate to the changes in the value of ether (ETH) because graphics cards are the crucial tool for processing the mining algorithm of this cryptocurrency.

ETH prices fell by more than 50% within a two-month span as a result of the latest measures enacted by regulatory agencies around the world to suppress the speculation of cryptocurrencies. Accordingly, cryptocurrency miners’ and investors’ interest in ETH has also diminished significantly.

The plunging demand from cryptocurrency miners also means that a substantial number of graphics cards are being pushed into the second-hand market. TrendForce’s investigation shows that spot prices of graphics cards have fallen by about 20-60% over the past month or more. The differences in the magnitude of decline depend on brand and technology generation. Furthermore, the across-the-board decline in spot prices of graphics cards has also severely constrained the spot demand for graphics DRAM.

According to TrendForce’s understanding, even though spot prices are still higher than contract prices for GDDR6 chips, the difference is rapidly shrinking. This, in turn, will have an adverse effect on the general price trend of GDDR6 chips in the future. The trading is even more subdued for GDDR5 chips that are used in the earlier generations of graphics cards from NVIDIA and AMD. Spot prices are now actually about 20% lower than contract prices for GDDR5 chips. The difference here indicates that there is a glut of older graphics cards, and the GDDR5 chips that are embedded in them are no longer in high demand.

Contract prices of graphics DRAM are expected to increase by nearly 15% for 3Q21 as graphics DRAM suppliers’ fulfillment rate remains relatively low

Regarding the contract market for graphics DRAM, the sell-side has considerable leverage in price negotiations as these suppliers prioritize the production of server DRAM ahead of other product categories. In the current ecosystem of discrete graphics cards, graphics DRAM buyers such as Nvidia are still opting for a business model based on bundle sales (that is, graphics card manufacturers that purchase Nvidia GPUs must also purchase graphics DRAM from Nvidia).

Given that Nvidia and AMD have cornered the vast majority of graphics DRAM supply, notebook OEMs and small- and medium-sized manufacturers of computer components (such as motherboards) will find it difficult to procure sufficient graphics DRAM, while DRAM suppliers’ fulfillment rate for graphics DRAM chips remains relatively low. These aforementioned factors are responsible for not only the nearly 15% QoQ hike in the overall contract prices of graphics DRAM for 3Q21 (which is slightly higher than the corresponding price hikes in mainstream PC and server DRAM products for 3Q21), but also why spot prices of GDDR6 chips are about 10-15% higher than contract prices.

On the whole, prices in the graphics DRAM spot market, which is an extremely responsive market, have already begun to reflect the weakening demand from the end-product segment, particularly for graphics cards (NVIDIA/AMD) used in cryptocurrency mining. As the supply of second-hand graphics cards increases, some graphics card manufacturers may thus kick off promotional price cuts to boost sales. In addition, buyers in the spot market may also begin anticipating even lower prices, and this anticipation will likely either lead to a massive decline in their graphics card demand or result in these buyers adopting a speculative attitude regarding graphics DRAM. TrendForce, therefore, believes that the gap between spot prices and contract prices of GDDR6 chips will begin to narrow in 3Q21.

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